What are the symptoms of traumatic brain injury?

Head impact from a motor vehicle collision, fall or accident can result in traumatic brain injury. Sometimes, the signs of TBI are difficult to spot right away.

Know the symptoms of TBI so you or your loved one can seek the necessary medical care.

Physical signs of TBI

While some people lose consciousness after a TBI, others remain awake and may not show signs for weeks or months after the injury. Some of the physical symptoms of TBI may include:

  • Seizures
  • Loss of coordination
  • Pupil dilation
  • Limb numbness
  • Slurring of the speech or difficulty speaking
  • Blurry vision
  • Ear ringing
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Exhaustion
  • Dizziness

Children especially may display drowsiness, eating changes and seizures. They may also cry persistently after this type of injury, especially when they are too young to express discomfort.

Mental health and cognition symptoms

Because the brain is the control center of the body, injury can have wide-ranging effects on thinking and mood. Symptoms may include:

  • Aggression or anger
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Mood swings
  • Loss of memory
  • Concentration issues
  • Trouble understanding or producing speech
  • Confusion or disorientation

Mood changes, loss of interest in activities and difficulty with focus often affect children who have a TBI.

When a brain injury occurs after an accident, your family may have legal recourse if a third party was responsible. In Louisiana, you must file a personal injury lawsuit within 12 months of the injury. Seeking immediate medical attention after any type of head impact can reduce the risk for long-term disability and ensure that you have the medical records necessary to pursue a legal claim.